Category: Culture

TOP-8 Historical Objects to Visit in Kyiv

TOP-8 Historical Objects to Visit in Kyiv

Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine and one of the oldest and most beautiful cities of the country, offers a variety of interesting and exciting places to see and to visit.

1. Golden Gates

Golden Gates (Zoloti vorota) is another symbol of Kyiv a one of the most important architectural and historical monuments remaining from the Kyivan Rus’ period. The gate, built in 1164 protected the old town and served as the main entrance to Kyiv. You can visit the museum exposition and part of the ancient wall inside and have a look at the city center from its top.

2. Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra

Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra church complex, an UNESCO World Heritage Site, since the foundation in 11th century has been one of the most important places for the Orthodox Christians. You should also visit the caves located within the complex. The Near Caves and the Far Caves exhibit numerous archaeological artifacts.

3. Sophia Kyivska National Reserve

St. Sophia Cathedral, is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It features the largest collection of 11th century frescoes and mosaics.

4. Andriyivsky Uzviz

According to the legend Andriyivsky Uzviz is the exact place where Apostle Andrew predicted the foundation of great Slavic city of Kyiv, overlooking the beautiful lands lying around the hill he was standing on.

Andriyivsky Uzviz is one of the oldest streets in Kyiv and the most creative one – for sure, known as Kyiv’s Monmartre. It seems to be a residence for artists and souvenir sellers. Moreover, it is a very mystical place surrounded by myths and legends.

The highlight of the Uzviz is the stunning gold and blue St. Andrew’s Church shining at the top street.

5. House with Chimaeras

The House with Chimaeras was buildt Vladislav Gorodetsky, the famous Ukrainian architect. The house with Chimaeras is located across the street from President Administration on Bankova Street. This building will catch your eye with its extraordinary figures of exotic animals and hunting scenes.

In the beginning of XX century Gorodetsky wanted to demonstrate possibilities of concrete and decorated the house with numerous of figures.

6. Museum of Ukrainian Folk Architecture

The open-air museum located at the southwest edge of Kyiv displays different samples of regional folk architecture: houses, windmills, churches and schools.

All these buildings are surrounded by beautiful green park.

7. Maydan Nezalezhnosti

Maydan Nezalezhnosti, the central square of Kyiv, can be truly considered the heart of the city. The name is translated as “Independence Square”.

Maydan has become a place of great hope where history was written. The square have witnessed the most dramatic chapter of contemporary Ukrainian history, the events that changed Ukraine, such as the Revolution of Dignity 2013-2014, the Orange Revolution in 2004 and pro-independence protests in early 1990’s. Every single sightseeing program includes this point.

8. Chernobyl Exclusion Zone

33 years ago, the world’s worst nuclear disaster took place in a Ukrainian town near Kyiv. The Chernobyl nuclear disaster happened overnight on 25-26 April 1986 in the now-abandoned town of Pripyat, when an explosion sent radioactive material into the air.

The exclusion zone is has been open to the public since 2011, when authorities deemed it safe to visit.

Ukrainian Records: Trembita

Ukrainian Records: Trembita

Ukraine is a land of many record breaking phenomena. And one of them is trembita – a unique Carpathian wind instrument that is officially the longest in the world.

Don’t be confused when you come to the Carpathians – the name may belong to numerous things and institutions. Like Lviv-based guitar making factory ‘Trembita’. Or a few mountain hotels with the same name. The image of this instrument also decorates posters and logos of Hutsulshchyna, a picturesque region in the west of Ukraine. So, trembita may be everywhere here. But the real one is not that easy to find…

Where To Find It

The only sure chance is visiting a Hutsul or Boyko folk festival where guests are usually welcomed with trembita sounds. But it’s not the kind of a device you can find in more common place. Surely not on restaurant or other premises. Because trembitas are huge. And loud, too. So they are usually played outsides.

What is interesting, in the past this tube made of larch or spruce played a role of today’s telephone. When there was an important and urgent message to spread, trembita players climbed to the top of the nearest mountain, and performed special tunes. It sounds amazing, but trembita sound can reach as far as 10 kilometers. And that’s how messages were conveyed from mountain to mountain across all the region informing the locals about good and bad news, dangers and other events…

Trembita is also used by shepherds to gather sheep and dogs, and it is traditionally played at Christmas time. Another common use of the instrument is at funerals. But it’s never played on occasion of someone’s birth or wedding.

How To Make It

Today there are just a few masters making trembitas left in the Carpathians. And they usually do this not for the local shippers or amateurs, but mostly for professional musicians and concert bands. Creating a trembita is not that easy. It starts with choosing an appropriate wood, usually a tree that was struck by lightning. They say that the more it is damaged, the louder the trembita will be.

The tube that can reach 4 meters is made from a long straight piece of wood which is split in two in order to carve out the core. Trembita sounds louder when its walls are thin. Then the halves are once again joined together and wrapped in birch bark or osier rings. Before playing trembita’s hole must be filled with vodka or hot milk.

The trembita has no lateral openings and therefore gives the pure natural harmonic series of the open pipe. Its sound is unmistakable and unforgettable.

Trembita Today

Trembita is officially enlisted in The Guinness Book of Records as the longest instrument in the world. What is interesting the actual longest trembita (8,35 meters!) was made by a Polish folk musician Józef Chmiel located in Czech Republic.

Today trembita may be considered a symbol of not just the Carpathians but the whole Ukraine. In 200th it was shown on Eurovision Song Contest by the Ukrainian winner Ruslana during her performance of the song “Wild Dances”.

It is also used by recent popular Ukrainian band ONUKA.

Come to Ukraine and enjoy its uniqueness!

Loading...
Skip to toolbar